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FTP protocol

Every person who owns a website almost always faces such problems as: downloading files, images, documents, etc. In such cases, the hosting company can offer options to overcome such problems. Here you may encounter such a thing as “FTP”.

What FTP is, what FTP is for, and how it is used wherever you can find out by reading our article.

First, find out what the term “FTP” means.

Translated from English, FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a protocol from the TCP / IP family that is required to exchange information over the Internet from one computer to another. The application protocol under consideration has existed for about forty-two years. Since that time, FTP has changed significantly, increasing its benefits. In each country, FTP is the most used and popular protocol when working with files on the Internet.

What is the “File Transfer Protocol” for?

Thanks to the FTP protocol you can perform the following actions:

  • exchange various files with users;
  • upload files to any server or site (home pages to free servers that provide space for them);
  • download a variety of files from FTP – servers;

Therefore, if you want to have access to movies, music, any programs, text documents that are accessible only via FTP, you just need to know about the existence and purpose of this protocol.

How and where is the “File Transfer Protocol” used?
FTP protocol is used:

  • to address issues of access to a variety of files;
  • when using reserves of other computers (direct or indirect);
  • to ensure the protection of the user;
  • for reliability and efficiency of information exchange.

TCP – the channel through which information is exchanged in FTP. This exchange operates on the basis of client-server technology. Personal data cannot be transferred using this protocol, since all information is transferred between the server and the client – openly. Also, if you encounter the FTP protocol, please note that each FTP server requires authentication from you.

Authentication (English Authentication) is a validation procedure. In our case, this is user authentication by comparing the password entered with the password in the user database.

That is, for authorization, the user must enter his name (ID) and password. This will give him the opportunity to have access to certain information. If suddenly you are not registered as a user, you can use anonymous (guest) login. To do this, you need to enter the word “anonymous” as an identifier, and your password will be your email address.

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